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How much can I borrow? - Mortgage calculator

It is important to know how much you can borrow with a mortgage as this will influence your search for a property. It will also help you understand how much of a mortgage deposit you will need. Mortgage lenders use differing formulas to work out how much they can lend you, but our mortgage calculator will give you a good idea of how much you can borrow. Please note, the calculator is intended to give an indication only. 

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How Much Can I Borrow

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How much can I borrow on a mortgage?

Before you start looking for your dream home, you need to know how much you're able to borrow in order to fund it. Generally, how much you can borrow will depend on four things. The amount you want to borrow in relation to the property's value (also known as the loan-to-value or LTV), your credit score, your income and your outgoings. 

You should be able to comfortably afford the mortgage when you take it out so that unforeseen events (such as interest rate rises or redundancy) don't put your home in jeopardy later on. Remember, although the lender or mortgage broker is responsible for checking whether you can afford a particular mortgage, making sure you can easily manage the repayments you're taking on will give you valuable peace of mind before you apply.

Should I speak to a mortgage broker?

Mortgage brokers remove a lot of the paperwork and hassle of getting a mortgage, as well as helping you access exclusive products and rates that aren’t available to the public. Mortgage brokers are regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and are required to pass specific qualifications before they can give you advice.

 

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Your home may be repossessed if you do not keep up repayments on your mortgage.

 

Loan to value (LTV) and the size of your deposit

All mortgages require some form of deposit, but they are not directly linked to how much you could borrow. The loan to value or LTV of your mortgage, means how much the mortgage is in relation to the value of the property. So, if you have a £50,000 deposit for a £200,000 property, the mortgage you need would be £150,000 – 75% of the property's worth, or 75% loan-to-value.

A higher credit score could increase what you can borrow

Your credit score has a big part to play in how much you can borrow. In the most extreme cases a low credit score could prevent a mortgage lender from even considering you or, more likely, a low score could mean that the lender uses a lower multiple of your income to decide how much you can borrow.

That’s why you’ll want to make sure your credit score is up to scratch before you even consider applying for anything. Our guide on improving your credit rating will be able to help you with this.

 

Concerned about the cost of living crisis?

We’ve compiled our most popular guides related to money-saving and debt into one page to help consumers navigate through the cost of living crisis in the UK.

 

Income is a significant part of deciding how much you could borrow

Income is crucial for determining how big a mortgage you can have. Traditionally, mortgage lenders applied a multiple of your income to decide how much you could borrow. So, if you earn £30,000 per year and the lender will lend four times this, they may be willing to lend £120,000. (Remember that each lender will have different criteria and will offer different income multiples, so always do your research.)

When it comes to households with two incomes, some lenders offer a choice:

• The option to add the second income on top of the multiple, so if the main breadwinner earns £30,000 and the second person's income is £15,000 a lender might offer 4x the first income, plus the second income (4 x £30,000 + £15,000 = £135,000)
or

• A slightly lower multiple for two incomes than for one. So £30,000 + £15,000 = £45,000. Then £45,000 x 3 = £135,000

Many lenders now only use income multiples as an overall maximum that they will lend, conducting a detailed affordability assessment to decide how much they are willing to lend. This is something that has become particularly strict following mortgage regulations introduced in 2014.

If part of your income is comprised of a bonus or overtime, you may not be able to use this, or if you can, you may only be able to use 50% of the money towards what the lender deems as your income. All income you declare in your mortgage application will need to be proven – usually through you providing your latest pay slips, pensions and benefits statements.

 

Higher outgoings reduce how much you could borrow

Your regular household expenses, debts and insurances can all affect what a mortgage lender will let you borrow. Outgoings that a lender may take into consideration include:

• Loan and credit card repayments
• Council tax
• Domestic utilities (gas, electricity and water)
• Insurances (buildings and contents, car, life, payment protection)
• Car running costs (tax, insurance)
• Child maintenance payments

Some lenders also apply a reduction to the amount you can borrow for the number of children you have (assuming an average monthly expense), while others have started to take things like discretionary spending into account. They'll also require you to prove that you can afford the repayments in the event of an increase to interest rates, so make sure you have suitable means to ensure that – ideally through reducing your unnecessary expenditure – as this could have a clear impact on the amount of mortgage you'll be able to borrow.

How do lending multiples work?

When it comes to households with two incomes, some lenders offer a choice:

  • The option to add the second income on top of the multiple, so if the main breadwinner earns £30,000 and the second person’s income is £15,000 a lender might offer 4x the first income, plus the second income (4 x £30,000 + £15,000 = £135,000)
    or
  •  A slightly lower multiple for two incomes than for one. So £30,000 + £15,000 = £45,000. Then £45,000 x 3 = £135,000

Many lenders now only use income multiples as an overall maximum that they will lend, conducting a detailed affordability assessment to decide how much they will actually let you borrow. All income you declare in your mortgage application will need to be proven, usually through you providing your latest pay slips, pensions and benefits statements.

How much can I borrow for a mortgage based on my income?

Lenders need to show that the mortgage is affordable and that you could continue to pay your mortgage should there be a rise in interest rates, or you have a significant change in circumstances such as losing your job or having a child.

Lenders also have regulatory restrictions that limit their new lending above 4.5x salary to a maximum of 15% of all new mortgage loans. This means lenders can be very specific in deciding exactly which borrowers they want for these mortgage deals.

To find out more take a look at our What are mortgage affordability checks guide.

How many times your salary can you borrow for a mortgage?

How much you’ll need to earn for a particular size mortgage varies from lender to lender, and they’ll often be more concerned about how much you can afford to pay back rather than a straight income calculation. That said, 4.5x your income is generally the maximum amount you’ll be able to borrow, so here we go through a few scenarios to help you get an idea of the amount you could be offered.

Can I borrow up to five times my salary?

It is possible to borrow five times your salary but only if you meet the lenders affordability tests and requirements for loan-to-value and minimum salary. To get a mortgage of this scale, you’re likely to need a deposit of at least 10%, if not more to have access to a wider range of mortgage deal and may face a maximum lending cap. Some borrowers may look to lengthen their mortgage term to thirty years help make monthly payments more affordable.

Can I include overtime payments when calculating how much I can borrow for a mortgage?

This depends on both how regular your overtime is and the attitude of the lender concerned. Some lenders will not consider any additional income you may receive through overtime, while others may accept all or 50% of this income. Any earnings from overtime to be included as part of your mortgage application will need to be regular or guaranteed and be evidenced.

If however overtime is something you only get occasionally then the lender may not take it into account at all. This is where a mortgage broker can help – they will know which lenders are more likely to accept overtime as part of their income calculations.

How much can I afford to borrow?

Knowing how much you may be able to borrow is one thing, but knowing how much you can comfortably afford – and being confident in your ability to keep up with your repayments – is another. This is why you’ll need to carefully go through your outgoings, making sure to use a mortgage repayment calculator so you get an idea of what your repayments could be and whether you could absorb them in your current salary.

Bear in mind that if you’re moving to a bigger property there could be additional expenses to pay, and if you’re moving from rented accommodation into homeownership, your outgoings could change again, and that’s before we even get to the additional costs of moving (legal fees, stamp duty, conveyancing etc.). This means it’s vital to go through everything in advance to make sure you’re prepared for the impact on your finances.

Once you’ve tallied everything up, you can make a decision about the kind of mortgage you can comfortably afford. Though make sure to be realistic – it’s generally recommended that no more than 28% of your household income should go on housing expenses, so if your final total is above this level, it may be worth reconsidering.

Should I take the maximum I can borrow?

Again, this all comes down to your own personal level of affordability, and how comfortable you are with being able to afford the maximum amount. Remember that the bigger the mortgage, the higher your repayments are going to be, so while it can be tempting to take the maximum amount offered – particularly if it means you can afford a larger property – it may be wise to exercise a bit more caution.

How can I drop an LTV band?

To drop a loan-to-value band you’ll need to secure a larger deposit or increase your equity, which will allow you to secure a smaller mortgage in relation to the value of your property. If you can’t afford a larger deposit, the only other way to secure a lower LTV is to buy a cheaper property, which would mean your deposit takes up a higher proportion of the property’s value and would reduce your LTV accordingly.

Choosing the right mortgage for you

Using our mortgage calculator

Our mortgage calculator can help you determine how much you might be able to borrow based on your salary. Just input your annual income and guaranteed overtime – together with that of the second applicant, if you’re applying for a joint mortgage – and you’ll be shown the minimum and maximum you may be offered. Remember though that income isn’t the only factor lenders will take into account when determining how much you’ll be able to borrow, so this should purely be used as a guide.

Once you have an idea of the maximum amount you’ll be able to borrow, you can start to compare different mortgages Our mortgage charts allow you to search for a mortgage based on your circumstances, giving an overview of the products available and helping you narrow down the options. You may want to speak to an independent broker for a more personalised look at the products available, too.

Do mortgage calculators require a credit check?

No, you won’t need to undergo a credit check when using mortgage calculators, as the only information you’re inputting is your basic salary – no other personal details are required. This means there’ll be no searches appearing on your credit report and no impact on your score, but if you’re concerned that your current score may be holding you back from getting the best deals, now’s the time to work on improving it. Find a free credit check service.

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